South Australia

South Australia

Flag Adopted: 13 January 1904
Flag Proportion: 1:2
Use: State Flag and Ensign

The flag of South Australia is a British Blue Ensign defaced with the state badge. The badge depicts a white-backed piping shrike (magpie) with wings outstretched on a yellow disc.

The state badge is believed to have been designed by Robert Craig of the Adelaide School of Arts.

The impetus for a new state badge appears to date back to 1901 in response to the former British Colonies becoming states of the Australian federation. Also, the former badge was extremely elaborate and no doubt proved to be cumbersome and difficult to reproduce on a regular basis.


Australian Flags
Department of Administrative Services, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 1995.

Crux Australis
Anthony Burton (Editor), Flag Society of Australia, Melbourne, Australia.
– Australian State Flags (1865-1904): A British Admiralty Legacy", Ralph Kelly, Volume VIII No 4 October 1992.

Flag of Stars
Frank Cayley, Rigby Ltd, Adelaide, 1966.

Flags and Arms Across the World
Dr Whitney Smith, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1980.

Flags of Australia (chart)
John C Vaughan, Standard Publishing House, Sydney, 1983.

Flags of the Nations (chart)
Flag Society of Australia, Flag Research Center, and National Australia Bank, Australia, 1992.

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