The flag uses the Australian Pale linking it to the flags of the ACT and NT. IT uses two elements associated with Australia, the Southern Cross and the Kangaroo. The Southern Cross brings continuity having been visible to the first peoples, guided European settlers and been the distinctive element on the Australian Flag since 1901. The southern cross is portrayed in green and gold in a manner reflective of the national flower the golden wattle. These are also the traditional sporting colours of Australia and represent the land and its riches. Seven pointed stars are used to represent the federation of states. The kangaroo represents progress and Australia's motto: "Advance". The blue field represents the sea on which Australia is reliant for trade. The gold stripe represents the coast. The white of the kangaroo represents the peace in which we seek to live.